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Filing a claim for mental health conditions other than Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a crucial step for veterans seeking assistance for a wide range of mental health issues. These conditions can include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and more. To begin this process, veterans should gather all relevant medical records, including psychiatric evaluations, treatment history, and any supporting evidence of a service connection. It's essential to provide comprehensive and honest information about how the condition affects daily life and military service. Legal professionals specializing in VA disability claims can be instrumental in ensuring that the claim is well-documented, supported by medical evidence, and presented effectively to the VA, increasing the likelihood of a successful outcome.

Veterans should seek the assistance of an Accredited VA Disability Advocate because we provide expert guidance through the complex VA claims process, ensuring all necessary evidence is gathered and presented effectively. Our advocates are trained to identify and link service-related conditions, increasing the likelihood of a successful claim. Additionally, we offer personalized support and representation, helping veterans navigate appeals and secure the benefits they deserve.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), it's typically in the context of active duty service members and veterans—for a good reason. Dangerous and potentially traumatic situations are common occurrences in the context of military service. However, it's important to note that Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is not exclusive to this type of trauma. In the U.S., about eight million people experience Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Understanding Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Before You File

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is often associated with military service members but can affect anyone who has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event. While combat-related experiences are commonly linked to PTSD, other forms of trauma, such as sexual assault/abuse, natural disasters, accidents, or life-threatening situations, can also lead to this condition. Age, gender, or background does not exempt individuals from the possibility of developing PTSD.

For Veterans seeking VA benefits related to PTSD, it is essential to understand that a diagnosis alone does not guarantee approval of their claim.  Filing a claim for PTSD without writing a statement will most certainly be denied. Connecting PTSD to their military service is crucial. Writing a detailed statement describing the traumatic event, with as much specificity as possible, is necessary to support the claim.


Support from a therapist or trusted individual is recommended during this process to ensure emotional well-being. Sharing the burden with someone supportive can help alleviate the isolation often associated with recalling traumatic memories. It is also important to acknowledge that it is common for individuals to have gaps in memory due to the body's stress response during traumatic events.

Receiving a PTSD diagnosis is a significant step toward seeking support and treatment. If you have been diagnosed with PTSD, remember that you are not alone, and resources are available to assist you. Seeking professional help from therapists, counselors, or veterans' advocates can provide valuable guidance and support on the path to healing and managing the challenges posed by PTSD. Remember, recovery is possible, and there is hope for a brighter future beyond the impact of trauma.

To establish a service connection for PTSD under the VA benefits system, veterans must meet several specific criteria. Here's a detailed breakdown:

1. Diagnostic Confirmation of PTSD

  • First and foremost, the veteran must have a current diagnosis of PTSD that meets the criteria under the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). The diagnosis must be made by a qualified healthcare professional, typically during a VA examination.


2. Evidence of a Stressor Event

  • The veteran must provide evidence of a stressor event that occurred during their service. This could include combat exposure, personal assault, or other traumatic experiences. The type of stressor required can vary depending on the veteran's service records and duty locations.

  • Combat Veterans: For those who served in a combat zone, the VA often presumes that PTSD diagnoses are related to combat exposure. Documentation or proof of service in a combat zone supports this presumption.

  • Non-Combat Veterans: Those who did not serve in combat must provide detailed evidence of the in-service stressor event. This may include statements from fellow service members, incident reports, or other relevant documentation.


3. Nexus Between Stressor and PTSD

  • A nexus, or connection, between the diagnosed PTSD and the claimed in-service stressor must be established. This is typically achieved through medical evidence where a healthcare provider states that it is at least as likely as not that the PTSD is related to the veteran’s service.


4. Credibility of Evidence

  • If the veteran’s statement is credible and consistent with the conditions of service, it can be sufficient to establish the occurrence of non-combat-related stressors. The VA will consider all evidence, including service personnel records and any other supporting materials.

  • Veterans with PTSD often experience secondary conditions, such as depression or anxiety. These secondary conditions can also be service-connected if medically linked to the primary service-connected condition of PTSD.


Advice from the Advocate:

  • Documenting Symptoms: Keep a detailed record of symptoms and how they impact daily living.

  • Medical Evidence: Continuously seek treatment for PTSD and any secondary conditions, as ongoing medical records serve as crucial evidence.

  • Legal Assistance: Consider consulting with a Veterans Service Officer (VSO) or an attorney specializing in veterans' law to help navigate the complexities of the claims process.

VA Disability Mental Health Rating Schedule:


The VA rating system for mental health conditions is designed to evaluate the severity of a veteran’s psychological symptoms and their impact on daily life. This system aims to provide fair and consistent compensation based on how these conditions affect veterans' ability to function. The process involves a thorough assessment of the veteran’s symptoms, their frequency, intensity, and duration, as well as the degree to which these symptoms impair social and occupational functioning. Mental health conditions commonly evaluated by the VA include PTSD, depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder, among others. Understanding how the VA rating for mental health conditions works is crucial for veterans seeking appropriate benefits and support.

0% Rating:

  • Symptoms not severe enough to interfere with functioning: Although a mental condition is diagnosed, the symptoms do not significantly impact social or occupational capabilities and do not require continuous medication.

10% Rating:

  • Mild or transient symptoms: Symptoms are present but are typically mild or only occur during significant stress.

  • Symptoms controlled by continuous medication: Symptoms that are manageable with regular medication, resulting in minimal impairment.

30% Rating:

  • Depressed mood: Regularly feeling sad or empty.

  • Anxiety: Ongoing and excessive worry that is difficult to control.

  • Suspiciousness: Frequent mistrust of others without adequate justification.

  • Panic attacks (weekly or less often): Sudden, intense episodes of fear that may include physical symptoms.

  • Chronic sleep impairment: Persistent issues with falling or staying asleep.

  • Mild memory loss: Occasional forgetfulness affecting daily functioning.

50% Rating:

  • Flattened affect: A lack of emotional expression.

  • Difficulty in understanding complex commands: Problems with processing and following detailed instructions.

  • Impaired judgment or abstract thinking: Trouble making decisions or understanding abstract ideas.

  • Disturbances of motivation and mood: Inconsistent motivation or mood swings that affect daily life.

  • Difficulty in establishing and maintaining effective work and social relationships: Challenges in creating and sustaining professional and personal connections.

70% Rating:

  • Suicidal ideation: Frequent thoughts of taking one's own life.

  • Obsessional rituals that interfere with routine activities: Compulsive behaviors that must be performed and disrupt daily functioning.

  • Illogical, obscure, or irrelevant speech: Speech that does not make sense, making communication difficult.

  • Near-continuous panic or depression affecting independent functioning: Frequent episodes of intense fear or sadness that interfere with daily activities.

  • Impaired impulse control: Difficulty restraining actions or speech at appropriate times.

  • Neglect of personal appearance and hygiene: Lack of maintaining basic cleanliness and grooming.

  • Difficulty in adapting to stressful circumstances: Struggle to handle or recover from stress.

  • Inability to establish and maintain effective relationships: Trouble forming and keeping relationships due to behavioral or emotional issues.

100% Rating:

  • Gross impairment in thought processes or communication: Severe difficulty in forming coherent thoughts or engaging in meaningful communication.

  • Persistent delusions or hallucinations: Continuous false beliefs or sensory experiences that occur without an external stimulus.

  • Grossly inappropriate behavior: Actions that are drastically out of social norms, often causing safety concerns.

  • Persistent danger of hurting self or others: Ongoing risk of causing physical harm to oneself or others.

  • Intermittent inability to perform activities of daily living: Repeated failure to manage personal care tasks like bathing, dressing, or feeding oneself.

  • Disorientation to time or place: Frequent confusion about the current time, date, or location.

  • Memory loss: Significant and recurrent memory lapses.

Essential VA Forms:  These Forms Are Essential to your PTSD Claim

(Current Clients Can Click to File)


VA Form 21-0781a: MST and Personal Assault 

Click to File Specifically designed for survivors of MST or personal assault, this form guides you through providing a detailed account of the incident(s), including any available evidence or reports. Eligibility: Veterans experiencing symptoms related to personal assault or MST during military service.

VA Form 21-10210: Lay Witness Statement

Click to File This form supports your claim by allowing friends, family, or fellow service members to provide their observations. These statements can corroborate your account of the traumatic event and its impact on your life. Importance: Offers additional evidence through personal accounts, reinforcing the validity of your experience and claims.


VA Form 21-4138: Statement in Support of Claim

Click to File An additional tool for veterans to provide personal statements, clarify their situation, and detail the impact of PTSD or MST on their lives. Usefulness: Allows for a personal narrative that might not fit the structured format of other forms, offering a platform for a heartfelt and detailed account.

Guidance on Writing a Statement:

For those who prefer or need to write a statement independently, providing a coherent and detailed account of the traumatic event and its aftermath is crucial. A well-written statement can significantly support your claim. 


How to Write a Statement Key Elements: Describe the incident clearly, including dates (if possible), locations, and the effect on your mental and physical health. It's essential to articulate the connection between your service and the MST symptoms you're experiencing. The more information you can provide, the better the VA can understand and process your claim.


For more information, Veterans can:

  • Speak with their existing VA health care provider.

  • Contact the Military Sexual Trauma (MST) Coordinator at their nearest VA Medical Center.

  • Call Safe Helpline at 1-877-995-5247 to get confidential one-on-one help. Safe Helpline provides 24 hours a day, seven days a week, sexual assault support for the Department of Defense community.

  • Contact their local Vet Center.

  • Veterans should feel free to ask to meet with a provider of a particular gender if it would make them feel more comfortable.

  • Military Sexual Trauma Coordinators -


​Veterans experiencing any of these conditions can file a claim for disability benefits through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Proper documentation and medical evidence are necessary to support the claim.

  1. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A mental health condition triggered by experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. Symptoms include flashbacks, severe anxiety, and uncontrollable thoughts about the event.

  2. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): A mood disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, loss of interest in activities, and a variety of emotional and physical problems that can interfere with daily functioning.

  3. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): A condition characterized by excessive, uncontrollable worry about various aspects of life, often accompanied by physical symptoms like restlessness, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating.

  4. Bipolar Disorder: A mental health condition marked by extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).

  5. Schizophrenia: A severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. It can involve hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior.

  6. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): A disorder characterized by unwanted, recurring thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions) that the person feels driven to perform.

  7. Panic Disorder: A type of anxiety disorder that includes recurrent, unexpected panic attacks, which are sudden periods of intense fear or discomfort that peak within minutes.

  8. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): A chronic mental health condition in which social interactions cause irrational anxiety. Symptoms can include excessive fear of embarrassment, rejection, or being judged.

  9. Adjustment Disorder: An emotional or behavioral reaction to a stressful event or change in a person’s life that is considered excessive or impairing the person’s ability to function.

  10. Dysthymic Disorder (Persistent Depressive Disorder): A continuous long-term (chronic) form of depression. Symptoms are less severe than those of major depression but are more enduring.

  11. Eating Disorders: Disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder that involve preoccupation with food, body weight, and shape, leading to dangerous and unhealthy eating behaviors.

  12. Personality Disorders: A group of mental health conditions characterized by enduring patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience that deviate markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture. Examples include Borderline Personality Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder.

  13. Substance Use Disorders: Conditions that occur when the recurrent use of alcohol and/or drugs causes clinically significant impairment, including health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities.

  14. Somatic Symptom Disorder: A condition where a person feels extreme anxiety about physical symptoms such as pain or fatigue. The person has intense thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to the symptoms that interfere with daily life.

  15. Neurocognitive Disorders: Disorders that primarily affect cognitive abilities including learning, memory, perception, and problem-solving. This category includes conditions like Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)-related cognitive impairments.


C&P Compensation and Compensation Exam

When preparing for a VA mental health examination, there are several key points a veteran should consider, especially regarding the documentation and discussion of in-service events that may be linked to their mental health issues.

When a veteran files a claim for disability benefits, the VA may schedule a Compensation & Pension (C&P) exam to evaluate the severity of the veteran’s condition and its connection to military service. It is important to note that it can take between 30 to 60 days for the VA to schedule this exam. However, the VA does not automatically schedule exams for all conditions listed in a veteran’s claim. For the VA to order an exam, several criteria must be met: the veteran must have a current diagnosis of the condition from a healthcare professional, there must be evidence of an in-service event, injury, or exposure that could have caused or aggravated the condition, and there must be a medical nexus linking the current condition to the in-service event.


If these criteria are not clearly met in the initial claim, the VA may not schedule an exam, leading to a potential denial of the claim. Therefore, veterans must ensure their claims are well-documented and include all necessary evidence to justify the need for a VA examination. If an exam is not scheduled, veterans can submit additional evidence or request a re-evaluation to demonstrate that their condition meets the criteria for a C&P exam.

Here's what veterans need to know:




Connection to Current Symptoms: It's crucial to connect your in-service event to your current mental health symptoms. This might involve describing how specific experiences during service have led to particular symptoms like anxiety, depression, PTSD, etc.


Mental Health DBQ's 

Other Important Advice for the Exam:


  • Be Honest and Direct: During the exam, it’s vital to be honest and straightforward about your symptoms. Underreporting or exaggerating can both be detrimental to the accuracy of your assessment and the effectiveness of your treatment plan.

  • Prepare Mentally and Emotionally: These exams can be emotionally taxing, as they often involve revisiting traumatic events. Before the exam, consider discussing your feelings and apprehensions with a friend, family member, or counselor.

  • Understand the Exam's Purpose: The exam is designed to assess the severity of your symptoms and their impact on your daily life. It's not about questioning the legitimacy of your experience but about understanding how it affects you now.


  • Rights and Representation: You can bring a representative, advocate, or friend to the exam for support. If you're working with a Veterans Service Organization (VSO), they can provide guidance and support throughout the evaluation process.


  • Follow-Up: After the exam, make sure to follow up with the VA about your claim status and be proactive in seeking information about the next steps in the process.


  • Seek Support: Regardless of the exam outcome, continuous support for mental health is crucial. Engage with support groups, mental health professionals, and community resources to manage your health effectively.

  • Document the Event: Be prepared to provide detailed documentation or a descriptive account of the in-service event or events that you believe contributed to your mental health condition. This might include dates, locations, and the nature of the event (combat exposure, training accidents, etc.).

  • Explain the Impact: Clearly articulate how the event has impacted your mental health. Be ready to discuss symptoms that started during or shortly after the service, and how they have persisted or worsened over time.

What Happens Once the C&P Exam is Complete

After completing your Compensation and Pension (C&P) exam, the next steps involve a review and decision-making process by the VA to determine your disability rating and benefits. Here's an overview of what you can expect:


Examination Report and Review:

Examiner's Report: The examiner will compile a detailed report based on the findings from your C&P exam. This report includes your medical history, the results of the physical examination, and any diagnostic tests performed. The examiner will also assess your condition, noting the severity, symptoms, and how the condition impacts your daily life and work.

Submission to VA: The completed report is sent to the VA Regional Office handling your claim. This report becomes part of your official VA file and is reviewed along with your other medical records and evidence submitted in support of your claim.

Second Opinions and Delays: After the veteran's exam is complete and the examiner submits their report to the VA, the VA may send the report back for corrections, clarification, or a second opinion if it finds the report incomplete or unclear. This process can delay your claim, as the VA requires thorough and accurate information to make a decision. Your claim will only move to the decision phase once the VA is satisfied with the evidence and documentation provided. This ensures that all aspects of your condition are thoroughly considered, ultimately impacting the outcome of your claim.

The VA Decision Process:

  • Rating Decision: A VA Rating Veterans Service Representative (RVSR) will review the examiner's report, along with all other evidence in your file, to determine your disability rating. The rating is based on the VA's Schedule for Rating Disabilities, which assigns percentages to various conditions based on their severity and impact on your ability to work and perform daily activities.

  • No Time Frame for Decision: It’s important to understand that there is no set time frame for the VA to make a final decision after all exams are complete. If there’s a delay in the process, it often means the VA is deliberating over something in your case. It's crucial not to count your chickens before they hatch, as the VA can request follow-up exams or medical opinions before making a decision.

  • Deferred Decisions: Sometimes, the VA may defer rendering a decision on certain conditions while it processes your claim. This approach allows the VA to decide on ready portions of your claim without holding up the entire process. Deferred conditions often mean the VA will almost certainly ask for a second opinion or request an additional exam. This can cause frustrations and delays, but it’s essential to be patient as this is out of your and our control.

  • Notification of Decision: The VA will send you a Rating Decision letter once a decision is made. This letter details the outcome of your claim, including the disability rating assigned to each condition, the effective date of the rating, and the amount of monthly compensation you will receive. If your claim is approved, the letter will also explain how and when you will receive your benefits.

  • Possible Outcomes:

  • Approval: If your claim is approved, you will receive monthly disability compensation based on the assigned rating percentage.

  • Denial: If your claim is denied, the letter will explain the reasons for the denial. You have the right to appeal the decision if you disagree with the outcome.

Next Steps and Appeals:

Appeals Process: If you disagree with the VA's decision, you have the option to appeal. The appeal process involves several steps, including submitting a Notice of Disagreement (NOD) and possibly presenting additional evidence or attending a hearing. It’s important to understand the timelines and procedures for filing an appeal.

The VA Denied Your Claim Again, Now What?

If your VA claim has been denied and you find yourself receiving the same denial reasons repeatedly, remember that insanity is doing the same thing over and over, expecting a different outcome. We understand how frustrating and disheartening this process can be, but we are here to help you appeal your denied condition effectively.


Why Most VA Claims Are Denied

Many VA claims are denied due to a lack of sufficient evidence, incorrect filing procedures, or missing the crucial nexus between service and current conditions. The VA requires specific documentation and clear connections between your military service and your medical issues. Without these, your claim may be repeatedly denied.


How We Can Help

Veterans should seek the assistance of an Accredited VA Disability Advocate because we offer expert guidance through the complex VA claims process, ensuring all necessary evidence is properly gathered and submitted. Our trained advocates increase the likelihood of a successful claim by identifying and connecting service-related conditions. Additionally, we provide personalized support and representation, helping veterans secure the benefits they deserve.


Free Consultation

For a free consultation, register here In order for us to conduct your free consultation, you must sign VA Form 21-22a (VA POA) and VA Form 21-0966. Without these forms, we will not be able to gain access to your files for review.


Don't Lose Your Effective Date

If your claim was denied within the last year, you might have time left to file your appeal before the VA closes it. If you miss this window, you will lose your effective date and potential for back pay, and you will have to start over with new and relevant evidence.

Stay Proactive During the Appeal Process

During the appeal process, it's crucial to see your doctor regularly until your case is settled. Talk to our agents, and we will guide you through your appeal options, including:

  • VA Supplemental Form 0995

  • VA Higher-Level Review Form 0996

  • VA Board of Appeals Form 10182


Protecting Your Rights

We keep the VA and Examiners honest by pushing back on bad Compensation & Pension (C&P) Examinations, inaccurate or incomplete reports, and instances where the VA does not follow their own guidelines in M21 and 38 CFR. We make sure your legal right to benefits is protected by applying applicable laws when needed.


Contact Us Today

Don’t navigate this complex process alone. Contact us today to ensure your claim is handled with the care and expertise it deserves.

The VA Disability Advocates Main Office is Located in Las Vegas, NV. We Represent Veterans throughout the United States. 702-992-4883  

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