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Service Connection for Hearing Conditions

Service connection for hearing conditions such as hearing loss and tinnitus is often sought by veterans who have been exposed to significant noise hazards during their military service. Many military roles, particularly those involving combat, aviation, artillery, and engineering, expose service members to high levels of noise that can cause both acute and chronic hearing damage. The Toxic Exposure Risk Assessment (TERA) process helps identify service members who have been exposed to various hazardous conditions, including toxic chemicals and excessive noise. Establishing a service connection for hearing conditions requires demonstrating that the hearing impairment is linked to in-service noise exposure, which can be corroborated through the TERA findings. Veterans must provide a current diagnosis of a hearing condition, credible evidence of in-service noise exposure, and a medical nexus connecting the two.


To achieve a service connection for hearing conditions, veterans must present comprehensive evidence. Firstly, they need a current diagnosis from a qualified audiologist, including detailed audiometric testing results that indicate hearing loss or tinnitus. Secondly, veterans must provide documentation or credible lay evidence of noise exposure during their military service. This can include service records indicating their military occupational specialty (MOS), duty assignments, and specific incidents of noise exposure. Lastly, a medical nexus opinion from a healthcare professional is essential. This opinion should state that it is at least as likely as not (a 50% probability or greater) that the veteran's hearing condition is related to their military service. By meeting these requirements and utilizing information from TERA, veterans can establish a clear connection between their service and their hearing condition, making them eligible for VA disability benefits.

Service-Related Hearing Conditions

Hearing Loss:

Medical Definition: Hearing loss is a partial or total inability to hear sounds in one or both ears. It can range from mild, where soft sounds are hard to hear, to profound, where even loud sounds are inaudible. Military service members are often exposed to high noise levels from gunfire, explosions, aircraft, and machinery. Prolonged exposure to such noises without adequate hearing protection can lead to noise-induced hearing loss, which is one of the most common service-connected disabilities.



Tinnitus is the perception of noise or ringing in the ears when no external sound is present. It can be constant or intermittent and may vary in intensity.

Connection to Military Service: Tinnitus is frequently caused by exposure to loud noises, which is common in military environments. Gunfire, explosions, and engine noise can damage the inner ear, leading to tinnitus.


is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early and not being able to go back to sleep. It can lead to daytime fatigue, mood disturbances, and impaired cognitive function. When insomnia is secondary to another condition, such as tinnitus or a mental health disorder, it means that the primary condition contributes significantly to the sleep disturbances.



Headaches can occur as a secondary condition to hearing issues such as tinnitus and hearing loss. The constant noise from tinnitus leads to increased stress, muscle tension, and sleep disruption, all of which can trigger headaches. Hearing loss requires greater cognitive effort to understand conversations, causing mental fatigue and tension headaches. For veterans, these conditions are often linked to military service due to exposure to loud noises.

Meniere's Disease:

is an inner ear disorder that causes severe dizziness (vertigo), tinnitus, hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness in the ear. Episodes can last from 20 minutes to several hours.


Connection to Military Service: Meniere's disease can be exacerbated by exposure to loud noises and stress, both common in military service. The inner ear damage from such exposures can lead to the development of Meniere's disease.



is a sensation of spinning or dizziness often accompanied by nausea and loss of balance. Balance disorders involve difficulty maintaining equilibrium, leading to unsteadiness or falls.

Connection to Military Service: Service members exposed to loud noises, blast waves, or head trauma can develop inner ear disorders that lead to vertigo and balance issues. Prolonged exposure to such environments without adequate protection increases the risk of developing these conditions.

Otitis Media:

is an infection or inflammation of the middle ear that often results in pain, fluid buildup, and hearing loss. Chronic cases can lead to continuous discharge and complications.

Connection to Military Service: Exposure to blast waves, high-pressure environments, and waterborne activities can increase the risk of developing otitis media. Chronic cases may result from untreated infections due to the lack of medical care in combat zones.

Ear Conditions
Denied Ear Condition

VA Rating Schedule for Hearing Conditions:

Military service often leads to various health conditions, including hearing loss, tinnitus, and related issues. Exposure to loud noises such as gunfire, explosions, and machinery is common, leading to hearing conditions. The VA rates hearing loss from 10% to 100% based on severity, while tinnitus has a fixed rating of 10%. Other related conditions like vertigo, Meniere's disease, and otitis media/externa are also considered, with ratings reflecting their impact on daily functioning. Insomnia frequently arises as a secondary condition to tinnitus and mental health issues like PTSD, depression, and anxiety, with VA ratings based on the extent of the impact on the veteran's life.

1. Hearing Loss (Diagnostic Code 6100)

  • 0% Rating: Hearing impairment that is not severe enough to warrant a compensable rating based on VA audiometric testing.

  • 10% to 100% Rating: The exact percentage is determined by the degree of hearing impairment as measured by speech discrimination tests and pure tone audiometry tests. The rating increases with the severity of hearing loss.

2. Tinnitus (Diagnostic Code 6260)

  • 10% Rating: Persistent tinnitus in one or both ears. This is the maximum schedular rating for tinnitus, regardless of whether it is unilateral or bilateral.

3. Vertigo and Balance Disorders (Diagnostic Code 6204)

  • 10% Rating: Occasional dizziness.

  • 30% Rating: Dizziness and occasional staggering.

4. Meniere's Disease (Diagnostic Code 6205)

  • 30% Rating: Hearing impairment with vertigo less than once a month, with or without tinnitus.

  • 60% Rating: Hearing impairment with vertigo attacks and cerebellar gait from one to four times a month, with or without tinnitus.

  • 100% Rating: Hearing impairment with vertigo attacks and cerebellar gait more than once weekly, with or without tinnitus.

5. Otitis Media (Diagnostic Code 6200)

  • 10% Rating: Chronic suppurative otitis media (middle ear infection) during the suppuration (active infection) or with aural polyps. This is the maximum schedular rating for otitis media.

6. Otitis Externa (Diagnostic Code 6210)

  • 10% Rating: Chronic otitis externa with swelling, dry and scaly or serous discharge, and itching requiring frequent and prolonged treatment. This is the maximum schedular rating for otitis externa.

7. Perforated Tympanic Membrane (Diagnostic Code 6211)

  • 0% Rating: Perforation of the tympanic membrane (eardrum) does not warrant a compensable rating under the VA rating schedule.

8. Chronic Serous Otitis Media (Diagnostic Code 6201)

  • Rated based on hearing impairment: Chronic serous otitis media is rated based on the resulting level of hearing loss.

9. Mastoiditis (Diagnostic Code 6206)

  • Rated based on complications: Mastoiditis is rated based on complications such as hearing loss, labyrinthitis, tinnitus, facial nerve paralysis, or bone loss of the skull.

Ear Condition Rratings

Advocate’s Advice: What to Expect During a VA Hearing Examination:


Understanding what to expect during a VA hearing examination can help you feel more prepared and ensure that the evaluation accurately reflects your hearing condition. Proper preparation and clear communication with the examiner are key to a successful examination. Before the examination, gather all relevant documentation, including medical records, service records, and any previous diagnoses related to your hearing condition. Be ready to discuss your service history, particularly any incidents involving loud noises or head injuries, and how your symptoms have progressed over time.


During the examination, you will undergo a series of tests to measure your hearing ability and any associated conditions. The examiner will interview to understand your medical history and symptom description, perform a physical examination of your ears, and administer hearing tests such as pure tone audiometry, speech recognition, and tympanometry. If you experience tinnitus, you will be asked to describe the sound and its impact on your life. Additional vestibular function tests may be conducted for those with balance issues.


After the examination, the examiner will review the results with you and prepare a detailed report for the VA. This report will be used to determine your disability rating and eligibility for benefits. Understanding the entire process, from preparation to post-exam steps, can alleviate anxiety and ensure that your condition is accurately assessed. Being honest and detailed about your symptoms, asking questions if you need clarification, and staying calm during the tests are all essential to achieving a successful outcome.

Before the Examination:


Prepare Your History:

  • Service History: Be ready to discuss your service history in detail, particularly any incidents involving loud noises, head injuries, or ear infections.

  • Symptom Progression: Think about when you first noticed your hearing loss or tinnitus, how it has progressed over time, and how it currently affects your daily life, work, and social interactions. Consider keeping a journal of your symptoms leading up to the examination.

Understand the Process:

  • Examination Components: Familiarize yourself with the components of the hearing examination. Knowing what tests you will undergo can help alleviate anxiety and allow you to perform better during the examination.


During the Examination:



  • Medical History: The examiner will ask about your medical history, including any previous hearing problems, treatments, and surgeries. Be thorough and honest in your responses.

  • Symptom Description: Be prepared to describe your hearing loss and tinnitus symptoms in detail, including their onset, duration, and how they impact your daily activities and quality of life.


Physical Examination:

  • Ear Inspection: The examiner will visually inspect your ears for any physical abnormalities, wax buildup, infections, or other signs that might explain your hearing issues.


Hearing Tests:

  • Pure Tone Audiometry: This test measures your ability to hear sounds at different pitches and volumes. You will wear headphones and indicate when you hear a tone by pressing a button or raising your hand. The test helps determine the degree and type of hearing loss.

  • Speech Recognition Test: You will listen to words spoken at various volumes and repeat them back to the examiner. This test evaluates your ability to understand speech, which is crucial for assessing the practical impact of your hearing loss.

  • Tympanometry: This test measures the movement of your eardrum in response to changes in air pressure. It helps assess the function of the middle ear and can identify issues such as fluid behind the eardrum or eustachian tube dysfunction.


Tinnitus Evaluation:

  • Symptom Description: If you have tinnitus, the examiner will ask you to describe the sound you hear (e.g., ringing, buzzing) and its impact on your life, including how it affects your sleep, concentration, and emotional well-being.

  • Severity Assessment: You might be asked to rate your tinnitus's loudness and annoyance level on a scale. This helps quantify the severity of your condition.


Balance Tests (if applicable):

  • Vestibular Function Tests: If you experience vertigo or balance issues, the examiner may conduct tests such as the Dix-Hallpike maneuver or vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) to evaluate your inner ear balance function.

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After The Exam

What Happens Once the C&P Exam is Complete

After completing your Compensation and Pension (C&P) exam, the next steps involve a review and decision-making process by the VA to determine your disability rating and benefits. Here's an overview of what you can expect:


Examination Report and Review:

Examiner's Report: The examiner will compile a detailed report based on the findings from your C&P exam. This report includes your medical history, the results of the physical examination, and any diagnostic tests performed. The examiner will also assess your condition, noting the severity, symptoms, and how the condition impacts your daily life and work.

Submission to VA: The completed report is sent to the VA Regional Office handling your claim. This report becomes part of your official VA file and is reviewed along with your other medical records and evidence submitted in support of your claim.

Second Opinions and Delays: After the veteran's exam is complete and the examiner submits their report to the VA, the VA may send the report back for corrections, clarification, or a second opinion if it finds the report incomplete or unclear. This process can delay your claim, as the VA requires thorough and accurate information to make a decision. Your claim will only move to the decision phase once the VA is satisfied with the evidence and documentation provided. This ensures that all aspects of your condition are thoroughly considered, ultimately impacting the outcome of your claim.

The VA Decision Process:

  • Rating Decision: A VA Rating Veterans Service Representative (RVSR) will review the examiner's report, along with all other evidence in your file, to determine your disability rating. The rating is based on the VA's Schedule for Rating Disabilities, which assigns percentages to various conditions based on their severity and impact on your ability to work and perform daily activities.

  • No Time Frame for Decision: It’s important to understand that there is no set time frame for the VA to make a final decision after all exams are complete. If there’s a delay in the process, it often means the VA is deliberating over something in your case. It's crucial not to count your chickens before they hatch, as the VA can request follow-up exams or medical opinions before making a decision.

  • Deferred Decisions: Sometimes, the VA may defer rendering a decision on certain conditions while it processes your claim. This approach allows the VA to decide on ready portions of your claim without holding up the entire process. Deferred conditions often mean the VA will almost certainly ask for a second opinion or request an additional exam. This can cause frustrations and delays, but it’s essential to be patient as this is out of your and our control.

  • Notification of Decision: The VA will send you a Rating Decision letter once a decision is made. This letter details the outcome of your claim, including the disability rating assigned to each condition, the effective date of the rating, and the amount of monthly compensation you will receive. If your claim is approved, the letter will also explain how and when you will receive your benefits.

  • Possible Outcomes:

  • Approval: If your claim is approved, you will receive monthly disability compensation based on the assigned rating percentage.

  • Denial: If your claim is denied, the letter will explain the reasons for the denial. You have the right to appeal the decision if you disagree with the outcome.

Next Steps and Appeals:

Appeals Process: If you disagree with the VA's decision, you have the option to appeal. The appeal process involves several steps, including submitting a Notice of Disagreement (NOD) and possibly presenting additional evidence or attending a hearing. It’s important to understand the timelines and procedures for filing an appeal.

The VA Denied Your Claim Again, Now What?

If your VA claim has been denied and you find yourself receiving the same denial reasons repeatedly, remember that insanity is doing the same thing over and over, expecting a different outcome. We understand how frustrating and disheartening this process can be, but we are here to help you appeal your denied condition effectively.


Why Most VA Claims Are Denied

Many VA claims are denied due to a lack of sufficient evidence, incorrect filing procedures, or missing the crucial nexus between service and current conditions. The VA requires specific documentation and clear connections between your military service and your medical issues. Without these, your claim may be repeatedly denied.


How We Can Help

Veterans should seek the assistance of an Accredited VA Disability Advocate because we offer expert guidance through the complex VA claims process, ensuring all necessary evidence is properly gathered and submitted. Our trained advocates increase the likelihood of a successful claim by identifying and connecting service-related conditions. Additionally, we provide personalized support and representation, helping veterans secure the benefits they deserve.


Free Consultation

For a free consultation, register here In order for us to conduct your free consultation, you must sign VA Form 21-22a (VA POA) and VA Form 21-0966. Without these forms, we will not be able to gain access to your files for review.


Don't Lose Your Effective Date

If your claim was denied within the last year, you might have time left to file your appeal before the VA closes it. If you miss this window, you will lose your effective date and potential for back pay, and you will have to start over with new and relevant evidence.

Stay Proactive During the Appeal Process

During the appeal process, it's crucial to see your doctor regularly until your case is settled. Talk to our agents, and we will guide you through your appeal options, including:

  • VA Supplemental Form 0995

  • VA Higher-Level Review Form 0996

  • VA Board of Appeals Form 10182


Protecting Your Rights

We keep the VA and Examiners honest by pushing back on bad Compensation & Pension (C&P) Examinations, inaccurate or incomplete reports, and instances where the VA does not follow their own guidelines in M21 and 38 CFR. We make sure your legal right to benefits is protected by applying applicable laws when needed.


Contact Us Today

Don’t navigate this complex process alone. Contact us today to ensure your claim is handled with the care and expertise it deserves.

The VA Disability Advocates Main Office is Located in Las Vegas, NV. We Represent Veterans throughout the United States. 702-992-4883 

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